History of the Black Stone and Its Relation ritual of Hajj and Umrah
For Hajj and Umrah , the Black Stone to be one of concern and leading the congregation in order to be able to carry out the prophetic tradition of kissing the Black Stone, which is located in one corner of the big interest Ka'bah.Saking to kiss the Black Stone is the energy needed great to get to the location because of the many pilgrims scrambled to kiss her. But maybe not many people know the history of the Black Stone itself. Here's a review about it.
|History of the Black Stone and Its Relation ritual of Hajj and Umrah|
Beginning, Black Stone is the stone which was discovered by Prophet Ibrahim and Ismail AS while they built the Kaaba. When Ishmael find additional stone for building the temple He found the stone. The stone and gave it to his father. The attraction of the Prophet Ibrahim to rock until he kissed her over and over again. When would put the stone in place, they must first carry him as he trotted around the Ka'aba seven rounds of the building.
Hajar Aswad has been involved in the historical events that are important throughout its history is very long, One of the most important is an event that involves the Prophet Muhammad in the title role. It happened about five years before Muhammad was appointed as prophets and apostles, when he was 35 years old, at which time it was the restoration of the Kaaba because of some damage.
The restoration was carried out on the basis of an agreement, the leaders of the Quraish tribe in Mecca. However, a dispute that nearly led to bloodshed among the people of Quraysh, when will determine who has the right to put back the Black Stone in its original position. Each character feels most right to put back the stone.
When mounting dispute arose Abu Umayya bin Al-precedence Mughirah provide input to the problems submitted to someone who would be the referee. He suggested that this was the person who first entered the Grand Mosque through Bab Al-Shafa on the day. The proposal was approved by all the leaders of Quraysh. Apparently, the person who first entered the Grand Mosque through Bab Al-Shafa for the day is Muhammad bin Abdullah. Then disepakatilah Muhammad bin Abdullah as the person who will hear the case reinstatement of the Black Stone.
These events demonstrate the increasing personal qualities Muhammad bin Abdullah. Through its intelligence and wisdom, Muhammad suksesl provide a way out "win - win solution" acceptable to all parties. He spread a cloth on the ground, then lifted the Black Stone and put it on the stretch of the fabric. Then he asked each tribe of Quraysh leaders hold each corner and side of the fabric together and lift it to carry the Black Stone to its original position. When I got to the nearby Hajar Aswad, the Prophet Muhammad lifting and placing the Black Stone to its original place.
By way of the Prophet Muhammad, the Quraysh leaders feel equally have a hand in putting back the Black Stone into place semula.Cara simple and wise this is Muhammad bin Abdullah managed to avoid strife that almost happened and managed to also satisfy all parties. And since then, confidence and respect for the Quraish to Muhammad bin Abdullah increasing.
Other major events involving the Black Stone is the event of theft and hostage-Hajar Aswad committed by a group or class of Qaramithah. At the end of the 9th century AD they did revolt against the rule of the Abbasid Islamic dynasty which was a period of decline and disintegration. In 317 H Team Qaramithah under the leadership of Abu Tahir Al-Qurmuthi managed to tear apart the city of Makkah, stealing the Black Stone and put it into the center of their movement in the eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula in the Persian Gulf region.
Then they carry the Black Stone to Kufa and they held him in the years 930-951 F (317-339 H). They demanded a ransom for the return of the Black Stone. Total ransom they ask for very large so difficult to be met by the government at that time.
Lasts for 22 years after the Black Stone at the hands of their captors, finally the Qaramithah under Abu Ishaq Al-Hajar Aswad Muzakki returns to its place in the Ka'bah. According to history, the Caliph Al-Muthi 'Lillah of the Abbasid dynasty to spend as much as 30,000 dinars in return for the return of the Black Stone.
Hajar Aswad and procession Thawaf
Hajar Aswad has an important and decisive role in the implementation of the Hajj and Umrah . Hajar Aswad function will be seen mainly in the implementation of tawaf which is one of the pillars of hajj. In terms of implementation of tawaf , the scholars have agreed that one of the conditions of validity of the Tawaf is starting from a position of the straight line with the Black Stone. Syafi'iyah scholars determined that when will perform tawaf, must begin by placing the body in a straight line where the Black Stone Black Stone is on the left side of the perpetrators tawaf. There should be no limbs at all in excess of the position in line with the Black Stone. Likewise, when ending the tawaf round the body should be positioned straight in line with the Black Stone, could not have limbs that are behind these parallel lines.
Malikiyah scholar has argued that Tawaf should be in a position to start straight and parallel to the Black Stone. When a person starts before circumambulate the Hajar Awad parallel lines, then he should and must complete the tawaf round the end of a line parallel to the Black Stone. Can not just get to where he started his tawaf. If he does not complete the rotation until the end of a line parallel to the Black Stone, and has lasted a long time or have been canceled wudhunya, then he must repeat thawafnya from the beginning again. When he had returned home before completing the tawaf, then he must pay a fine (dam) in the form of an animal sacrifice.
Hanbali scholar gives the idea that revolution must begin tawaf of the Black Stone. Which does not begin tawaf round of Hajar Aswad considered invalid and does not count as a round.
Hanafiyah scholars also argue that shall begin tawaf of the Black Stone. If it does not start from the Hajar Aswad, must be repeated as long as it was in Makkah. If returned, they must pay the fine (dam) .
In addition to the legal requirements relating to the Tawaf, as mentioned before, there are some practices in the way of pilgrimage, especially in the implementation of the tawaf, related to the Black Stone. Sunni practices can be seen in the explanation / opinion of the scholars the following:
Syafi'iyah scholars found disunnahkan when just starting tawaf, standing on the side facing the Black Stone of the Kaaba Yemeni Corner and the Black Stone is on the right. Right shoulder at the end of Hajar Aswad. Then intend to circumambulate. Then look to the right towards the Black Stone of the Kaaba and walked toward the door. After passing through the Hajar Aswad, facing right and make the Kaaba on the left and start tawaf. This step is only carried out in the first round.
Disunahkan also touch the Black Stone and kissed the degree necessary when starting tawaf. Disunahkan for men to put their foreheads to the Black Stone and touched and kissed it three times. If not able to touch directly, can with a stick or pole, and kissed the tip of a stick or pole that touches the Black Stone. If you're still not able too, simply by using hand signals where the right hand is preferred.
The process of touching and kissing the Black Stone is called by the term kisses. Sunnah is to pray and read the "Bismillah Allahu Akbar" when touched or through the Hajar Aswad, raising both hands as in prayer. Then read: "O Imanan bika wa wa tashdfqan bikitabika wafa'an bi'ahdika wattiba 'an lisunnati nabiyyika Muhammad." Reading is more dimuakkadkan (in reinforced) on the first tawaf other than the tawaf.
Malikiyah scholar has argued that disunnahkan touch the Black Stone in the first round of tawaf Then bertakbir. If you can not kiss the Black Stone, shall touched by hand. If not able to touch directly, can with a stick or pole, and then touching the mouth end of a stick or pole that touches the Black Stone and the takbir. If you can not, simply by Takbir each time through and facing the Black Stone. Still according to Malikiyah scholar, disunnahkan also kiss the Black Stone and touch the Yemeni Corner in the first round.
Hanbali scholars have argued that disunnahkan touch and kiss the Black Stone in each circuit provided no difficulty to implement it. If you can not or difficult to implement, it is enough to give a hand signal when facing the Black Stone.
Scholars Hanafiyah opinion that disunahkan touch and kiss the Black Stone at the end of the round. Intend to touch and kiss the Black Stone in the first round and the last is muakkad circumcision. If you can not touch and smell, to be touched by hand. If not able to touch directly, can with a stick or pole, and kissed the tip of a stick or pole that touches the Black Stone. However Otherwise also, simply by overlooking the Hajar Aswad, raised his hands and confronts the other hand in to him, and Takbir, bertahlil, praise Allah and pronounce blessings on the Prophet Muhammad.
Thus the history of the Black Stone and its relationship with Hajj or Umrah rituals, may we all be enlightened and gain additional knowledge.